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Top 22 Windows Server Interview Questions & Answers.Question & Answers of Windows Server | PDF | Active Directory | Group Policy

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Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. All Technical Interview Questions Answers. Naveen Kumar. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. What is Active Directory? What is LDAP? Name a few options. Followers 4. Where is the AD database held? What other folders are related to AD? What are application partitions? When do I use them 8. How do you create a new application partition Members 71 More » 9.

How do you view replication properties for AD partitions and DCs? What is the Global Catalog? How do you view all the GCs in the forest? Why not make all DCs in a large forest as GCs? Trying to look at the Schema, how can I do that? What are the Support Tools? Why do I need them? What is LDP? What are sites? What are they used for? Already a member? Sign in What is the KCC?

What is the ISTG? Who has that role by default? What are the requirements for installing AD on a new server? Follow by Email How can you forcibly remove AD from a server, and what do you do later? Email address Submit What tool would I use to try to grab security related packets from the wire?

Name some OU design considerations. What is tombstone lifetime attribute? Related Pages How would you find all users that have not logged on since last month? Before Going To Interview Usage considerations?

Who has them by default? What happens when each one fails? What do I do? Which one should you NOT seize? How do you backup AD? How do you restore AD?

How do you change the DS Restore admin password? What is the order in which GPOs are applied? Where can I find them? What are GPO links? What special things can I do to them? What can I do to prevent inheritance from above? How can I override blocking of inheritance? How can you determine what GPO was and was not applied for a user? Name a few ways to do that. What will you look for? What are administrative templates? You want to standardize the desktop environments wallpaper, My Documents, Start menu, printers etc.

How would you do that? The contents such as group policy, users etc of the sysvol folder are replicated to all domain controllers in the domain. The sysvol folder must be located on an NTFS volume.

Active Directory is a Meta Data. Active Directory is a data base which store a data base like your user information, computer information and also other network object info. It has capabilities to manage and administor the complite Network which connect with AD.

Que: What is Active Directory? Ans: Active Directory directory service is an extensible and scalable directory service that enables you to manage network resources efficiently. Q What is Active Directory? Ans:Active Directory is directory service that stores information about objects on a network and makes this information available to users and network administrators.

Active Directory gives network users access to permitted resources anywhere on the network using a single logon process. It provides network administrators with an intuitive, hierarchical view of the network and a single point of administration 3for all network objects. Ans: active directory is a domain controller which is use to authenticate and administrate the group of computer,user,server etc.

Ans2: LDAP light weight directory accerss protocol is an internet protocol which Email and other services is used to look up information from the server. Q What is KCC? Ans KCC knowledge consistency checker is used to generate replication topology for inter site replication and for intrasite replication.

Q What is Global Catalog Server? Ans 10 : Global Catalog Server is basically a container where you put the same type of member ,computer etc and applied the policies and security on the catalog server in place of individual user or computer. Q 10 : what is Global catalog server GC? Ans : i m sorry i was given wrong ans of this question above but now im giving the exact ans of this question, and th ans which iwas given previously is the ans of Organisatinal Unit not of GC…..

The global catalog is stored on domain controllers that have been designated as global catalog servers and is distributed through multimaster replication. Searches that are directed to the global catalog are faster because they do not involve referrals to different domain controllers.

Q 4: Where is the AD database held? Q What is LDP? It establishes LSPs that follow the existing IP routing, and is particularly well suited for establishing a full mesh of LSPs between all of the routers on the network. Replmon : Replmon displays information about Active Directory Replication. Network administrators can use it for common administrative tasks such as adding, deleting, and moving objects with a directory service. The attributes for each object can be edited or deleted by using this tool.

It is used for batch management of trusts, joining computers to domains, verifying trusts, and secure channels. Administrators can use Repadmin to view the replication topology sometimes referred to as RepsFrom and RepsTo as seen from the perspective of each domain controller. Q how to take backup of AD? Q 37 : how to restore the AD? I will not go to length into this powerful command, but I will show you some basic samples of how to import a large number of users into your AD.

Consult your help file for more info. Q 25 : What is tombstone lifetime attribute?

 
 

Windows server 2012 interview questions and answers pdf free download free

 

Windows Server is a series of different server operating systems that have been developed by the Microsoft Corporation. It has a set of a very powerful version of various desktop operating systems that help users to efficiently handle numerous functions, which include control and handling of networking, microsoft silverlight download windows 10 free, etc. As Windows Server makes the functioning of windows server 2012 interview questions and answers pdf free download free and institutions easy, organizations are thus looking for individuals with thorough knowledge and hands-on experience in this field.

Read below some of the commonly asked Windows Server Interview Questions in order to make your entire process of the interview preparation easy. This set of Windows Server Interview Questions also contains various features, pros, and cons of using Windows Server that can give you an upper hand in comparison to other candidates running in the competition in between you and your dream job.

Hosting websites, APIs and enterprise Windows server is used for applications. Active Directory AD is an inventory organization sever is used in a library to collect objects like customer profiles, computers, etc. It manages the framework windows server 2012 interview questions and answers pdf free download free with the help of Domain Controllers that are accessible at different zones with the Active Directory database. A segment of the limits fuse essential association with various land zones, check of customers and computers in the space provided by windows, copying Active Directory from any Domain Controller.

In addition to which these lines will be reverted to each and every other Domain Controllers. Regardless of whether the assembly approach is changed or evacuated, the client’s preference will at present endure in the registry.

Differentiate between a thread and a computer process. Thread Computer Process A thread includes the different executable program that Wnswers computing, a procedure is a case of a cooperates as a solitary procedure.

For example, psf thread computer program that is executed consecutively may send an error notification to the client; another might by a computer framework, which can run various deal servver the error signals while the third thread may computer programs simultaneously.

DIT database archive. They are first formed to EDB. Log and hence form the log record to the database. Che is acclimated with the following changes to the database and it undergoes as an updated log record to keep a check on the tasks are performed to the database. This database больше на странице upon the Jet database.

Log: This record is to pursue the trades on any particular database, at the time EDB. Log is full it is retitled to EDB Num. Che: This report is used to cross — verify the data that has not yet been kept in contact with the database. This record has the beginning stage to взято отсюда data that can questons recovered in the midst of disillusionment. List the locations where different active directory databases are held.

The logical sections of any Active Directory organization are normally named as a tree, forest, and domain. Diverse anawers inside the arrangement of a logical section incorporate the accompanying: computers, customers, devices, etc. This dpwnload likewise contain an abutting namespace associated in a transitive order.

It windows server 2012 interview questions and answers pdf free download free characterizes the security limits for clients, groups, and devices such as computers. Intedview non-authoritative wjndows, there are many chances that the domain controller can be established back to its underlying state the time when a backup was performed.

When it is set, it permits overwriting werver underlying condition with the progressions that were carried out preceding the underlying backup was achieved.

Presently in order to upgrade the Active Directory database, it is necessary that the particular domain controller from duplication accomplices to guarantee that the AD is upgraded, precise and accurate to retrieve questions. At whatever point there is any corruption or information loss in the AD, this technique is utilized. The succeeding sindows after any particular non-authoritative restore is a definitive authoritative process.

The most important highlights of authoritative restore include that it can augment the form quantities of the traits or an article in a whole directory. In case of any disparity in the variant numbers, the subsequent precaution and carefulness must be adhered to while adn and utilizing any authoritative restore procedures.

The setting that windows server 2012 interview questions and answers pdf free download free the workplace of client records, as well as приведу ссылку records, are known as Group Policy Object GPO. This assistance is characterizing the security alternatives, programming establishment, library-based arrangements and upkeep choices, content choices and folder redirection choices. There are generally two types of Group Policy Objects:. Nonlocal Group Policy objects: These are accessible just in an Active Directory condition and are put away on a domain controller.

Windows server 2012 interview questions and answers pdf free download free Group Policy Objects: These are put away on nearby computes. Yes, it is possible to connect Active Directory to other third-party directory services with the help of various Microsoft versions. Ping: In order to check страница connection between the computer in windos as well as other computers, the Ping command is utilized. Ipconfig: In order to check the computer’s IP setup, command Ipconfig can be utilized and furthermore it can also be very well utilized to restore the user’s IP address in the case it is given by a DHCP server.

Explain the different types of Directory Partitions. The different types of Directory Partitions include the following:. Application Partition: Application partitions stores various data related to applications in the Active Directory.

The data incorporates Site, site-interface, subnet and so forth. This parcel likewise replicates all domain controllers that are available in the Forest. Domain Partitions: Domain Partitions stores the data of the domain that incorporates client, group, computer, printer and so forth. This partition also replicates all domain controllers that might be available in the domain just like Configuration Partition.

Schema Partition: Schema Partition stores every one of the details of the various items and their respective properties. It additionally replicates other domain controllers that are available in the Forest.

The function of the domain controller is to authenticate clients to various networks and deliver a set of objects that are included in the Active Directory. The Windows DNS server represents an area name framework, which is utilized as a kind of perspective table to coordinate the space names to various IP addresses.

Listed below are the three important categories of zones characteristically used in Windows DNS server:. Primary Zone: Within the primary zone, the record is spared as a text file with the typical extension being. DNS Secondary Zone: This is a reinforcement for the essential server that goes about as load adjusting and furthermore gives adaptation to non-critical failure.

Source code for windows is not available. По этому сообщению can modify or redistribute the Window operating system. In Windows, you new windows free download bounded to use one license in One PC only. Paid to help desk support.

Linux is open-source; the complete source code for Linux is available. Linux is the GPL-licensed operating system, you are free to modify that software and use and even republish or sell it. Download once and install it on as many PC you want. Online peer support from the community via forums and online search.

To resolve remote requests related to the domains names on your network, local DNS servers can provide record information to remote DNS servers. It is mainly released for servers grade systems like Workstation, Rack, Tower, etc Multiple anwsers can log in and work simultaneously. It’s mainly released for user grade systems like desktop, Laptop, Tablet, Mobile, X-box, Halo-lens, etc You can create multiple user accounts, but, only one user can log in at a time.

Windows Server is the latest release of window server that uses the long-term servicing channel or shortened LTSC. Has a multi-server management facility Provides deployment of friction-free servers Has good control over the management of IP address Delivers great access control.

Provides documentation of patches with exceptional features The entire community of Windows Server is very strong and with abundant knowledge Very reliable Windows server provides great security to different domain operations.

Requires various addition hardware resources It is a little on the expensive side of the capital. Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search. User Settings. Skip carousel.

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What Is Wds? Windows Deployment Services helps for installing Windows operating system OS remotely over the network What Is Trust Relationship?

Trust relationship allows access between different domains or forest. What Is Schema? Domain, tree and forest are a logical structure in Active Directory. Domain: A domain is a collection of computers, users, and objects which share common AD and has trust relationships. What do you know about working of IntelliMirror? How you can install an app MSI file when the is not available?

ZAP text file can be used in its place. What is the goal of installing local DNS servers? To resolve requests concerning the domains on network, local DNS servers can offer record data to distant DNS servers. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter TEMOK.

What Are the System Administrator Roles? The System Administrator role varies in the organization. Can you name Different Version of Windows Server? What is the global catalog?

The Global Catalog is a kind of database that comprises all of the data relating to objects in Active Directory environment domains. Explain the difference between local, universal and global groups? Domain local groups allocate access approvals to international groups of domains for local resources of the domain.

The Universal groups grant access to all trusted domains resources. We can authoritatively restore the objects from domain and configuration partition. Networking Tutorial 5. What Is Dhcp? Computer Technical Support Interview Questions 6.

What Is Active Directory? Networking Interview Questions 8. Domain, tree and forest are a logical structure in Active Directory. Tree: A tree collection of one or more domain. What Is Domain Controller?

Exchange Server Interview Questions Q how to take backup of AD? Q 37 : how to restore the AD? I will not go to length into this powerful command, but I will show you some basic samples of how to import a large number of users into your AD. Consult your help file for more info. Q 25 : What is tombstone lifetime attribute? A 25 : The number of days before a deleted object is removed from the directory services. This assists in removing objects from replicated servers and preventing restores from reintroducing a deleted object.

How it is possibal 20 What are the requirements for installing AD on a new server? When do I use them. Ans: AN application diretcory partition is a directory partition that is replicated only to specific domain controller. Only domain controller running windows Server can host a replica of application directory partition.

Using an application directory partition provides redundany,availabiltiy or fault tolerance by replicating data to specific domain controller pr any set of domain controllers anywhere in the forest Q:You want to standardize the desktop environments wallpaper, My Documents, Start menu, printers etc. How it is possibal. How do you create a new application partition ANS: Use the DnsCmd command to create an application directory partition.

These partial replicas are distributed by multimaster replication to all global catalog servers in a forest. Ans A.

To do so, follow these steps: 1. Run the Reset Password command, passing the name of the server on which to change the password, or use the null argument to specify the local machine. Please confirm new password: Password has been set successfully. Q 41 :What is the order in which GPOs are applied? A Group Policy settings are processed in the following order: 1.

This processes for both computer and user Group Policy processing. Site—Any GPOs that have been linked to the site that the computer belongs to are processed next. The GPO with the lowest link order is processed last, and therefore has the highest precedence.

Organizational units—GPOs that are linked to the organizational unit that is highest in the Active Directory hierarchy are processed first, then GPOs that are linked to its child organizational unit, and so on. Finally, the GPOs that are linked to the organizational unit that contains the user or computer are processed. At the level of each organizational unit in the Active Directory hierarchy, one, many, or no GPOs can be linked.

If several GPOs are linked to an organizational unit, their processing is in the order that is specified by the administrator, on the Linked Group Policy Objects tab for the organizational unit in GPMC. This order means that the local GPO is processed first, and GPOs that are linked to the organizational unit of which the computer or user is a direct member are processed last, which overwrites settings in the earlier GPOs if there are conflicts.

If there are no conflicts, then the earlier and later settings are merely aggregated. This article is particularly useful if you have Windows servers that will be replaced by new hardware running Windows Server The first step is to install Windows on your new DC. Because significant changes have been made to the Active Directory schema in Windows , we need to make our Windows Active Directory compatible with the new version.

Before you attempt this step, you should make sure that you have service pack 4 installed on your Windows DC. Next, make sure that you are logged in as a user that is a member of the Schema Admin and Enterprise Admin groups. Bring up a command line and change directories to the I directory on the installation CD. Once this is complete, we move back to the Windows Server. During the ensuing wizard, make sure that you select that you are adding this DC to an existing domain.

After this process is complete, the server will reboot. When it comes back online, check and make sure that the AD database has been replicated to your new server. Next, you will want to check and make sure that DNS was installed on your new server. This will install DNS and the server will reboot.

The next 2 items, global catalog and FSMO roles, are important if you plan on decomissioning your Windows server s. If this is the case, you need to transfer the global catalog from the old server to the new one. Here are the steps: 1. On the General tab, click to select the Global catalog check box to assign the role of global catalog to this server. Restart the domain controller. Make sure you allow sufficient time for the account and the schema information to replicate to the new global catalog server before you remove the global catalog from the original DC or take the DC offline.

After this is complete, you will want to transfer or seize the FSMO roles for your new server. For instructions, read Using Ntdsutil. Once this is complete, copy over any files you need to your new server and you should have successfully replaced your Windows server s with a new Windows server s Global Catalyst is the one where the authentication happens, by default primary domain controller is Global Catalyst, we can add global catalyst to improve the Netwrk Performance What is Active Directory?

Its a Directory Service which stores and manages the information of Objects User,computer,printer shared folder etc What are the requirements for installing AD on a new server? What are the required components of Windows Server for installing Exchange ? How policies get replicated from one DC to other DC? Check more about: how sysvol replication works.

Check more about: force sysvol replication on Windows and force sysvol replication on Windows and windows server After the domain controller restarts, it replicates the any necessary changes, bringing it up-to-date with the other domain controllers within the domain.

After the necessary configurations have been made, Active Directory marks the local SYSVOL as authoritative and it is replicated to the other domain controllers within the domain. Active Directory real time issues and solutions By ganesamoorthy s June 9, As an Windows AD Administrator I have many Active Directory real time issues and solutions, we have seen the questions like, Tel me about 2 real time issues which you have faced in your current Active Directory environment, share one or two challenging issues which you have worked and resolved, Tel me most challenging issues you recently involved.

Many of my blog readers are asked to share couple of real time scenarios from my past experience to preparing for an Windows and Active Directory interview, list of articles from my previous post, read and understand to face the interview confidently.

Find your job match or Get your personalised skills analysis. More and more companies are realizing the power of cloud services and networks. With the release of Office , Cloud services, and employees working away from the office, collaboration is crucial. Ensuring the networks that connect employees and allow access to the documents and projects within an organization is therefore critical to allow organizations to function efficiently.

This means that the demand for good network administrators and system administrators who understand Active Directory is increasing. What is Active Directory? Define Active Directory? Active Directory is a database that stores data pertaining to the users within a network as well as the objects within the network.

Active Directory allows the compilation of networks that connect with AD, as well as the management and administration thereof. What is Domain? What is a domain within Active Directory? A domain represents the group of network resources that includes computers, printers, applications and other resources.

Domains share a directory database. The domain is represented by address of the resources within the database. A domain address generally looks like A user can log into a domain to gain access to the resources that are listed as part that domain. What is the domain controller? The server that responds to user requests for access to the domain is called the Domain Controller or DC.

The Domain Controller allows a user to gain access to the resources within the domain through the use of a single username and password. What is Tree? Tree is a hierarchical arrangement of windows Domain that share a contiguous name space. What is Forest? Explain what domain trees and forests are? Domains that share common schemas and configurations can be linked to form a contiguous namespace. Domains within the trees are linked together by creating special relationships between the domains based on trust.

Forests consist of a number of domain trees that are linked together within AD, based on various implicit trust relationships. Forests are generally created where a server setup includes a number of root DNS addresses. Trees within the forest do not share a contiguous namespace. What is Schema? What is FSMO? FSMO flexible single master operations is a specialized domain controller DC set of tasks, used where standard data transfer and update methods are inadequate.

AD normally relies on multiple peer DCs, each with a copy of the AD database, being synchronized by multi-master replication. Tel me about the FSMO roles?

The schema master controls all updates and modifications to the schema. The infrastructure FSMO keeps its domain’s references to objects in other domains up- to-date by comparing its data with information in the Global Catalog GC. When moving objects between domains you must start the move on the DC which is the RID master of the domain that currently holds the object. It is also responsible for time synchronizing within a domain. It is also the password master for want of a better term for a domain.

Any password change is replicated to the PDC emulator as soon as is practical. How to check which server holds which role? Netdom query FSMO. What is LDAP? Explain what intrasite and intersite replication is and how KCC facilitates replication? Intrasite replication occurs frequently while Intersite replication occurs mainly to ensure network bandwidth.

The KCC allows for the replication topology of site replication within sites and between sites. Name a few of the tools available in Active Directory and which tool would you use to troubleshoot any replication issues? Due to its graphical nature, replmon. What tool would you use to edit AD? The Adsiedit. Since Adsiedit. How would you manage trust relationships from the command prompt? It allows administrators to join computers to domains.

The application also allows administrators to verify trusts and secure Active Directory channels. Where is the AD database held and how would you create a backup of the database? The database is stored within the windows NTDS directory. It is the repository for all of the active directory files. It stores all the important elements of the Active Directory group policy.

 
 

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